Basic Boxing Moves Every Beginner Needs To Learn

Boxing is one of the best sporting activity which you can engage in, especially if you have a passion for it. Could be you think of boxing as an activity which needs a serious talent, though, to some extent it’s true. However, even with the required talent, lack of knowledge of the basic moves in boxing will make you not be able to achieve your objectives efficiently. The best thing about boxing is that it acts as a great workout exercise, and can be used by anyone in their workout process. Besides, some people may find out that they have a talent in the course of working out, and from there, they make such an activity their career.

One main thing to note here is that every profession needs some training before you get to an expert level. If you asked the unbeaten champion of boxing, Muhammad Ali, the secret to excelling to where he is right now, he will for sure bring in the point of proper training. Therefore, it’s evident that every beginner will need to learn some basic moves as they get started, which is what will be discussed in this article. Every other move in boxing is a variation of the four basic punches below:

  1. Jab

The jab should be one of the most basic punch moves every boxer should have in their attack pack. It’s a fast and light punch, whose primary purpose is to prevent your opponent from getting close to you in their quest to strike back, and at the same time, it allows you to set up heavier punches. A set of well-placed jabs play will always keep you steps ahead of your opponent and hence give you the chance to attack them fully and with no much pressure. The punch is usually most effective if it hits an opponent off guard, but many beginners will most likely communicate their moves, by loading their muscles before the strike. If your opponent is observant enough, they will detect the muscle twitch and hence block your punch and counter punch. As such, always make sure to keep your bicep and pectoral muscles loaded throughout the round so that you can attack unpredictably.

  1. Heavy Cross

After you get used to the jab, the next punch you need to get the hang of is the heavy cross. As expected, this is a punch with far more power when compared to the jab and is usually thrown with the dominant hand. When attacking your opponent, you will need to support your punch with your legs, and here is where many beginners make a mistake. Frequently, beginners will extend their back leg, and get up on their toes as they think that they should reach forward with their crosses to hit their opponent. Such an action may leave you wide open and unsteady when you get body shots from your opponent. The best way to go about the leg support idea is to stay grounded with your back leg acting as a pivot. Let it look like you are using that leg to grind out a cigarette butt with the ball of your foot as it helps you maintain your balance and add power to your punch.


  1. Hook

A common mistake which one can make as a beginner when attacking with the hook punch is drawing your arm before throwing the hook. Other than just communicating the punch, you will also drain some energy out of the punch which makes it less efficient. A robust hook will come from the hip, and you can begin by creating a strong inside hook. The move entails lifting up your hand to the level of your shoulders with the other in guard, then attack by rotating your hip and then using your hand to hit your opponent. The action enables your punch to get loaded with the full power of your body. When you have made the move, you don’t want to forget positioning your arm back to the guard position as quick as possible. Once you are accustomed to the move, you can now step back from the bag and work on moving the hook longer without having to wind your arm.

  1. Uppercut

If you don’t want your opponent to master your moves, don’t exaggerate any scooping motion since that would give your opponent an idea of your moves. Just like the heavy cross and hook punches, the uppercut also needs to come from the body and get supported by your legs. The uppercut’s power is obtained from the rotation of your shoulders, unlike the hook which draws its power from the turning of the hips. The movement can be significantly effective when originating out of a spin. When you have made a spinning move to your right side, you should then make a movement with your left side shoulder back in the opposite side, as you allow it to move your right side round and then move your right hand into your opponent’s stomach. You should try the move from both sides after which you should step a little far from the bag so that you can throw the punch farther without resulting in a scooping movement.


In conclusion, as put before, you will need to practice a lot so that you can perfect in mastering each boxing punch. Make sure that you don’t give up even if you feel that you are not learning the moves quick. In fact, the slow but sure method might work for you, as you will learn slow but be perfect in your moves. The one factor that will keep you a step ahead is loving what you do and being determined, without forgetting to set your goals.